Biodegradable films, also known as compostable plastics, are a type of packaging made from plant-based materials like starch and cellulose. Unlike most traditional petroleum-based plastics, biodegradable films are designed to break down in landfills or compost bins in a matter of months instead of centuries; making them a much more eco-friendly option for the packaging industry. They offer similar protection against moisture and contamination as plastic does, but with less environmental impact. Biodegradable films can be used to package food products, fabric goods, consumer electronics and many other items that require secure yet efficient packaging. So next time you’re shopping around for some new eco-friendly options look out for biodegradable film products!
Different Types of biodegradable films
Biodegradable films are made from renewable materials, such as plants and starch-based polymers, and are designed to break down into natural elements such as carbon dioxide and water. Some common types of biodegradable films include oxo-biodegradable film which is usually derived from petrochemicals but can be formulated with plant-based plastics; starch-based bioplastic film, usually identified by its transparency; compostable film which is derived from cellulose or plant starches; and bio-based flexible barrier packaging designed to keep food fresh while reducing the need for preservatives. Each one offers a different set of benefits with environmentally friendly credentials depending upon made materials and intended use.
1. Starch-based – biodegradable films
Starch-based biodegradable films are made from natural substances like high amylose corn and wheat, enabling them to decompose over time without needing to be broken down into smaller pieces. These films can be used as a replacement for traditional plastic packaging, making them an attractive option for eco-conscious consumers or businesses looking to reduce their environmental impact. The process of producing these films requires fewer steps than non-biodegradable plastics – meaning they can be produced at a lower cost – and the materials used in their creation were derived from renewable resources. As an added bonus, starch based products are biocompatible with soil and water ecosystems, so there’s no fear of long lasting damage if one ends up in the wild!